Global Distribution of Agricultural Insecticides in Streams

Global Distribution of Agricultural Insecticides in Streams

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Stream ecosystems within approx. 40% of the global land surface are potentially exposed to insecticide runoff. Particularly streams in the Mediterranean, the USA, Central America and Southeast Asia are likely to receive higher loads.


International Centre for Pesticides and Health Risk Prevention (ICPS), L. Sacco University e Hospital (link)
University of Milano Bicocca, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (DISAT) (link)
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ, Dept. System-Ecotoxicology (link)
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology-Eawag, Department of System Analysis, Integrated Assessment and Modelling (link)
Aarhus University, Department of Bioscience (link)
University Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences (link)
RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Environmental Research (Biology V) (link)

see also:

Ippolito, A., Kattwinkel, M., Rasmussen, J. J., Schäfer, R. B., Fornaroli, R., Liess, M. (2015): Modeling global distribution of agricultural insecticides in surface waters. Environmental Pollution 198: 54-60, ISSN 0269-7491. (link)


with support provided by: CITE - Chemicals In The Environment (research topic within the Helmholtz programm oriented funding)


Alessio Ippolito email, Mira Kattwinkel, Jes J.Rasmussen, Ralf B. Schäfer, Riccardo Fornaroli, Matthias Liess


Alessio Ippolito email
International Centre for Pesticides and Health Risk Prevention
L. Sacco University – Hospital
Milan, Italy

Related Publications

  • Sanchez-Bayo F. (2011). Impacts of agricultural pesticides on terrestrial ecosystems. In: Ecological Impacts of Toxic Chemicals. Bentham Science, pp. 63-87.
  • Schriever C., von Der Ohe P.C., Liess M. (2007). Estimating pesticide runoff in small streams. Chemosphere 68, 2161-2171.

base layer references

  • Batjes N.H. (2006). ISRIC-WISE Derived Soil Properties on a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid (Version 1.0). ISRIC Report 2006/2.
  • Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) (2006). Mapping Biophysical Factors that Influence Agricultural Production and Rural Vulnerability by H. van Velthuizen, et al., Environment and Natural Resources Series No. 11 (Rome, Italy).
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Daily Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN Daily).


We thank Marco Vighi for discussions and comments on the manuscript. This project was undertaken within the topic Chemicals in the Environment at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Leipzig, Germany. Collaboration among some authors was made possible thanks to the scientific network Successione Ecologica (

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