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The Groundwater Habitat Map of Europe

Groundwater Habitats

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This map shows the distribution of 12 groundwater habitat categories in Europe, which are defined using three biologically relevant variables – groundwater flow type, void size, and permeability.

Source

UMR BOREA, Département Milieux et Peuplements Aquatiques, MNHN, CNRS 7208, IRD 207, UPMC, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France)
 
Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés (LEHNA), Ecologie, Research group: Evolution, Ecosystèmes Souterrains, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (Lyon, France)
 

see also:

Cornu, J.F., Eme, D. & Malard, F. (2013). The distribution of groundwater habitats in Europe. Hydrogeology Journal, doi:10.1007/s10040-013-0984-1. (link).

Download: http://data.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu/data/shapefiles/GrdWatHab_EPSG4326.zip

The GHME arises from an interpretation of the International Hydrogeological Map of Europe (IHME): http://www.bgr.de/app/fishy/ihme1500/download.html

 

with support provided by: BioFresh project and French National Research Agency (ANR) DEEP project

BioFreshANR

authors

Jean-François Cornu email, David Eme and Florian Malard

contact

J.-F. CornuF. Malard 
UMR BOREA 
Département Milieux et Peuplements Aquatiques 
MNHN, CNRS 7208, IRD 207, UPMC 
Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 
43, rue Cuvier 
Paris 75231, France.

D. Eme 
UMR CNRS 5023 Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés; Ecologie 
Université Lyon 1 
Bâtiment Forel 
43, Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918 
69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Related Publications

  • Cornu, J.F., Eme, D. & Malard, F. (2013). The distribution of groundwater habitats in Europe. Hydrogeology Journal, doi:10.1007/s10040-013-0984-1.
  • Dole-Olivier, M.J., Castellarini, F., Coineau, N., Galassi, D.M.P., Martin, P., Mori, N., Valdecasas, A. & Gibert, J., (2009). Towards an optimal sampling strategy to assess groundwater biodiversity: comparison across six European regions. Freshwater Biology 54: 777-796.
  • Gilbrich, W.H. (2000). International hydrogeological map of Europe. Feature article, Waterway 19, Paris, p 11.
  • Hahn, H.J. (2009). A proposal for an extended typology of groundwater habitats. Hydrogeology Journal 17: 77-81.
  • Michel, G., Malard, F., Deharveng, L., Di Lorenzo, T., Sket, B. & de Broyer, C. (2009). Reserve selection for conserving groundwater biodiversity. Freshwater Biology 54: 861-876.
  • Stein, H., Griebler, C., Berkhoff, S., Matzke, D., Fuchs, A. & Hahn, H.J. (2012). Stygoregions – a promising approach to a bioregional classification of groundwater systems. Scientific Reports 2, 673: 1-9. DOI:10.1038/srep00673
  • Stoch, F. & Galassi, D.M.P. (2010). Stygobiotic crustacean species richness: a question of numbers, a matter of scale. Hydrobiologia 653: 217-234.

base layer references

  • The GHME arises from a vectorization and interpretation of the International Hydrogeological Map of Europe (IHME). The IHME can be downloaded as image format from the BGR webpage: http://www.bgr.de/app/fishy/ihme1500/download.html.  
    A vector version of the IHME can be obtained upon request from the authors.

download

The GHME can be downloaded as a shape file from the BioFresh data repository webpage (http://data.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu/data/shapefiles/GrdWatHab_EPSG4326.zip)

acknowledgements

This research was funded by the European Commission (7th EU Framework Programme, Contract No. 226874, BioFresh) and the French National Research Agency (ANR 08JCJC012001, “DEEP”).

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