Freshwater Conservation and Management
You are here:Chapters»Freshwater Pressures and Impacts»Climate Change»Forecasts of Salmo trutta Distribution in European Basins

Forecasts of Salmo trutta Distribution in European Basins

Future Salmo trutta distribution

Open this map in the interactive map interface



Four highly accurate maps (stream reach grain) are provided, depicting current and future Salmo trutta distribution in three European basins: the Ebro, the Elbe and the Danube.


Grup de Recerca Freshwater Ecology and Management (FEM), Departament d'Ecologia, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona (UB) (Barcelona, Catalonia/Spain)
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, IGB (Berlin, Germany)
Institute of Hydrobiology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management (IHG), University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU) (Vienna, Austria)
Research Institute for Development (IRD), National Museum of Natural History (Paris, France)
Freshwater Laboratory, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (Brussels, Belgium)

see also:

Filipe, A. F., Markovic, D., Pletterbauer, F., Tisseuil, C., Wever, A., Schmutz, S., Bonada, N. & Freyhof, J. (2013). Forecasting fish distribution along stream networks: brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Europe. Diversity and Distributions, 19(8), 1059-1071. (link)

Species records were obtained from the EU-funded EFI+ project (No 044096), the EU-funded WISER-EU project (No 226273; State Office for the Environment, Conservation and Geology Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, Thuringia Regional Office for the Environment and Geology, Management Agency for Flood Protection and Water Management Saxony-Anhalt, State Agency for Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas Schleswig-Holstein), the ARGE Elbe project (Germany), the 'Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro' (CHE, Spain), and the WorldFish Center (Malaysia).


with support provided by: BioFresh project, EU Sixth Framework Programme EFI+ project and WISER project



Ana Filipa Filipe email, Danijela Markovic, Florian Pletterbauer, Clément Tisseuil, Aaike de Wever, Stefan Schmutz, Núria Bonada and Jörg Freyhof


Ana Filipa Filipe
EDP Biodiversity Chair, CIBIO/InBIO
Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos da Universidade do Porto
Campus Agrario de Vairao
R. Padre Armando Quintas, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal

Núria Bonada
Freshwater Ecology and Management (FEM) 
Department d’Ecologia 
Universitat de Barcelona (UB) 
Barcelona, Catalonia/Spain (

Related Publications

  • Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A.H., Gessner, M.O., Kawabata, Z., Knowler, D.J., Leveque, C., Naiman, R.J., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M.L. & Sullivan, C.A. (2006). Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews, 81, 163–182.
  • Olden, J.D., Kennard, M.J., Leprieur, F., Tedesco, P.A., Winemiller, K.O. & Garc_ıa-Berthou, E. (2010) Conservation biogeography of freshwater fishes: recent progress and future challenges. Diversity and Distributions, 16, 496–513.
  • Thuiller, W. (2004). Patterns and uncertainties of species' range shifts under climate change. Global Change Biology, 10, 2020–2027.
  • Thuiller, W., Lafourcade, B., Engler, R. & Araújo, M.B. (2009). BIOMOD a platform for ensemble forecasting of species distributions. Ecography, 32, 369–373.

base layer references

  • Grain units and stream topography:
    • CCM2 (Catchment Characterization and Modelling; Vogt et al., 2003, 2007; de Jager & Vogt, 2010)
    • de Jager, A.L. & Vogt, J.V. (2010) Development and demonstration of a structured hydrological feature coding system for Europe. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 55, 661.
    • Vogt, J., Colombo, R., Paracchini, M.L., de Jager, A. & Soille, P. (2003) CMM river and catchment database. EUR 20756 EN, EC-JRC, Inspra.
    • Vogt, J.V., Soille, P., de Jaeger, A.L., Rimaviciute, E. & Mehl, W. (2007) A Pan-European river and catchment database. EC-JRC (Report EUR 22920 EN) Luxembourg. (link
  • Current climate data:
    • WorldClim (Hijmans et al., 2005, 2007)
    • Hijmans, R.J., Cameron, S.E., Parra, J.L., Jones, P.G. & Jarvis, A. (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology , 25, 1965–1978.
    • Hijmans, R.J., Cameron, S.E. & Parra, J.L. (2007) WorldClim version 1.4. Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California. (link)
  • Current land cover data:
    • Corine Land Cover (EEA, 2010)
    • EEA (European Environment Agency). (2010) Corine land cover dataset version 13. European Environment Agency. (link)
  • Future climate data:
    • ECHAM5 (CIAT, 2011)
    • CIAT (International Centre for Tropical Agriculture). (2011) Downscaled GCM data portal. International Centre for Tropical Agriculture. (link)
  • Future land cover data:
    • ALARM and ECOCHANGE (Dendoncker et al., 2006; Reginster et al., 2010)
    • Dendoncker, N., Bogaert, P. & Rounsevell, M.D.A. (2006) A statistical method to downscale aggregated land use data and scenarios. Journal of Land Use Science, 1, 63–82.
    • Reginster, I., Rounsevell, M., Butler, A. & Dendoncker, N. (2010) Land use change scenarios for Europe. Atlas of biodiversity risk (ed. by J. Settele, L.D. Penev, T.A. Georgiev, R. Grabaum, V. Grobelnik, V. Hammen, S. Klotz, M. Kotarac and I. Kühn), pp. 100-105 Pensoft Publishers, Sofia-Moscow


This research was supported by BioFresh EU project (Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Status, Trends, Pressures and Conservation Priorities; No 226874) and the following projects and institutions for data provision: EFI+ EU project (No 044096), WISER project (No 226273; State Office for the Environment, Conversation and Geology Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, Thuringia Regional Office for the Environment and Geology, Management Agency for Flood Protection and Water Management Saxony-Anhalt, State Agency for Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas Schleswig-Holstein), ARGE Elbe project (Germany) and 'Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro' (CHE, Spain).

We are especially grateful to Nicolas Bailly (BioFresh and WorldFish) and Concha Duran (CHE) for their help with species data and to all who contributed to the fieldwork.

Read 9269 times

Select a Chapter

Search in all Chapters