Freshwater Resources and Ecosystems
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Public Water Withdrawals at Pan-European Extent

Public Water Withdrawals at Pan-European Extent

Open this map in the interactive map interface



The maps show the current and forecasted water withdrawals for the public sector for Europe. This includes all water withdrawn for use in the public water distribution system, mainly used for domestic purposes.


European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Environment and Sustainability (

Model developed at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, based in Ispra, Italy. Maps created in 2013.

see also:

Vandecasteele, I., Bianchi, A., Batista e Silva, F., Lavalle, C., Batelaan, O., 2014. Mapping Current and Future European Public Water Withdrawals and Consumption. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 407-416, doi: 10.5194/hess-18-407-2014. (link)



Ine Vandecasteele email


Ine Vandecasteele,
IES, Joint Research Centre, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA) Italia

Related Publications

Batista e Silva F., Gallego J. & Lavalle C. (2013). A high resolution population grid map for Europe, Journal of Maps, 9, 16–28, doi:10.1080/17445647.2013.764830.

EUROSTAT:, last accessed 7 February 2013.

Gössling S., Peeters P., Hall C. M., Ceron J. P., Dubois G., Lehmann L. V., & Scott D. (2012). Tourism and water use: supply, demand, and security. An international review, Tourism Management, Vol. 33 No. 1 pp. 1-15.

Lavalle C., Baranzelli C., Batista e Silva F.B., Mubareka S., Gomes C.R., Koomen E., Hilferink M. (2011). A High Resolution Land Use/Cover Modelling Framework for Europe: Introducing the EU-ClueScanner100 Model, Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011. B. Murgante, O. Gervasi, A. Iglesias, D. Taniar and B. Apduhan, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. 6782: 60-75.

Nagy M., Lenz K., Windhofer G., Fürst J., Fribourg-Blanc B. (2007) Data Collection Manual for the OECD/Eurostat Joint Questionnaire on Inland Waters Tables 1 – 7. Concepts, definitions, current practices, evaluations and recommendations, Version 2.21.

World Tourism Organisation (WTO) (2000). Tourism Vision 2020 report – Volume 4: Europe.

base layer references

National and regional boundaries (NUTS0, NUTS2 layers), 2007 version of the Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics.

Reference: European Commission (2007). Regions in the European Union – Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics – NUTS 2006 /EU27, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 153 pp., ISBN 978-92-79-04756-5, ISSN 1977-0375

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